Interesting Facts...Return to Central America - Winter 2011

11 Facts About Nicaragua

Nicaraguan Flag

After each country I visit I post an informative article on different interesting facts that I learned will traveling through that country or that I found online while researching the country. It is a little bit overdue, but here is my next post in the “Interesting Facts…” series for the country of Nicaragua. Nicaragua was one of my favorite stops on my last trip, meaning I didn’t get to take advantage of any Costa Rica vacations because I spent so much time there!

1. Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America. (source)

2. Lake Nicaragua, home of Ometepe Island, is the home of the only freshwater sharks in the world. According to a guide I had on the lake the sharks are Bull Sharks that swam upstream chasing food and then eventually stayed in the lake, and evolved to live in freshwater.

3. Lake Nicaragua was originally named the “Freshwater Sea” as the explorers who first set eyes on the lake thought that they were looking at the ocean. Once they tasted the water and realized it wasn’t salt water they declared it was a freshwater ocean instead of making the more reasonable inference that they were actually looking at a lake. To be fair though, the waves created in the lake by wind were as big as the waves I see while I’m home in Florida! (same guide as the fact above)

4. At 130,370 square kilometers, Nicaragua is the 97th largest country (out of 251) according to the CIA Factbook. It ranks between Greece (#96) and North Korea (#98).

5. In most Latin American countries Soccer (Futbol) is the most popular national sport. In Nicaragua, however, the most popular athletic pass-time is Baseball. Almost anywhere you go in Nicaragua you will see baseball fields and on weekends or in the afternoons you can see organized leagues playing around the countryside.

6. There are no street names in the Nicaraguan address system. The system is quite complex but the general gist of things is that addresses are given by using reference points to major land marks. An example would be “Three blocks north from dead guys corner, and then east one block.” Not a bad system right? Unless you have no idea which corner in the city a guy died on… The names of corners and land marks also have a tendency to change periodically, and even if you are aware of the system if you don’t know the new landmark name you won’t know what they are talking about. There is actually one area in downtown Managua that is used as a landmark and the name of the area is the name of a building that was SUPPOSED to be built there but never was… So, as you can imagine, it can get very very confusing.

7. In Leon, Nicaragua when they are giving directions they don’t use east and west. Instead they use upstairs and downstairs, a reference to when the sun rises towards the heavens (upstairs, or east) and then when the sun descends (downstairs, or west). They will sometimes also have multiple names for a single street intersection (maybe one name for each corner), which can also further complicate things. (CS host)

8. Lake Nicaragua is the 2nd largest lake in Latin America behind lake Titicaca (between the boarder or Peru and Bolivia). (Guide in Granada)

9. Nicaragua has two autonomous self governing regions on the caribbean coast of the country. The North Atlantic Autonomous Region has its capital in Bilwi and the South Atlantic Autonomous Region has its capital in Bluefields.

10. When Mexico won their revolutionary war with Spain on September 15th, 1821, Nicaragua also gained their independence from Spain. Soon after they joined the United Provinces of Central America and then eventually became an independent state. (source)

11. In 1856 an American General named William Walker declared himself the president of Nicaragua and declared the country a slave state of the United States. Over the next year Walker was kicked out of Nicaragua by the Nicaraguan people and other U.S. military personnel, specifically Cornelius Vanderbilt.

  1. Lorna - the roamantics

    awesome info! #6 would kill me though! it’s like the legal descriptions of properties they give when you buy a house in the states. what if a point of reference moves, get’s destroyed, etc. gimme street names anytime 😉

    1. Matt

      Yea I had a rough time on a few occasions. Then add in the fact that my Spanish is not very good, and as you would assume, I got lost a lot…

  2. Kelly

    Good facts! Can’t wait to see Nicaragua!

    1. Matt

      Feel free to email me for any tips or advice for when you get there!

  3. Raymond

    I love sharks! I’ve been to Central America 5 times (mostly for work), but seem to keep missing Nicaragua. Now I have a great add to my ‘To Do’ list….:>)

    1. Matt

      Make it very high on your “to do” list! It is an amazing place!

  4. Cathy Sweeney

    Really interesting facts! I’m especially intrigued with 6 & 7. I’m sure I’d be totally confused, but would like to give it a try sometime.

    1. Matt

      Yea, it was definitely interesting, haha!

  5. Jeremy B

    I love the history part of travel so good to learn more about Nicaragua. I love soccer and baseball but baseball was my first love so I like #5.

    1. Matt

      Yea this past trip has really increased my appreciation for the history of the countries I visit.

  6. Ruth

    I have been to Central America many times but I still have to make it to Nicaragua. I am really interested in visiting Ometepe island. Thanks for sharing this facts. There are something intersting things to learn about different countries.

    1. Matt

      Ometepe is a very cool place. Probably one of the more relaxed places I’ve been in Central America. If you make plans to go let me know and I’ll be more than happy to give you some tips for places to stay!

  7. Laurel

    You had me at “the only freshwater sharks in the world.” I’ve only gone diving with bull sharks once in Costa Rica and it was an amazing experience and one I’d love to repeat.

    1. Matt

      Wow, you are brave! I didn’t see any diving companies while I was there but I’m sure they are somewhere!

  8. robin

    I’m with Cathy on numbers 6 and 7.

    Genuinely strange – never heard about that before!

  9. Bluegreen Kirk

    I knew about the baseball they really love the sport more than people do here in the states. I guess I would be lost because upstairs and downstairs would simply confused the heck out of me.

  10. jade

    Loved this post because I was even shaking my head at number 1!!! Good to know… 🙂

  11. Jose

    Thanks for sharing those facts about my country….one that you should add is that currently it is the only country in the world where you can do “Volcano Boarding”!!! Climb up a 400 meter active volcano, and slide down it’s 45 degrees slope after viewing spectacular ranges of volcanoes (23 in a row) and two craters at its top. There are lots more adventures to see and do here.

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